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Alhambra de Granada
The Alhambra is one of the leading Islamic architectural representations in the world, a miniature walled city within a city, Granada. The structure was built in order to fully integrate with the surrounding nature in a place with beautiful landscapes; the Alhambra is one of the main tourist attractions in Spain and is visited each year by millions of people.
The numerous inscriptions in classical Arabic that you can find during your visit to the Alhambra deal of poems, sentences and texts from the Koran.
About the Alhambra
The Alhambra as name comes from the Arabic 'al-Hamra' which means 'The Red'; there are theories that this name was given because it was built using clay from the grounds, although some believe was the reddish hue it had during the night because of the lit torches.
The Alcazaba contained a military zone to monitor and defend the premises, being the oldest part of the Alhambra and dating from the eleventh century.
The Alcazaba is divided into different areas:
- Tower Torre del Cubo
- Parapet of the north wall
- Plaza de Armas and its terrace
- Tower Torre de la Vela
- Tower Torre del Homenaje
- Towers Torre de los Hidalgos, Torre Quebrada and Torre del Adarguero
- Garden Jardín de los Adarves
The two palaces were built after the Alhambra was finished: Comares Palace and the Palace of the Lions fulfilled both functions of the court and private enjoyment of royalty.
There are several areas of marked tourist importance:
Hall and Tower of Comares
Sala de los Abencerrajes
Sala de los Reyes
Sala de las Dos Hermanas
El Peinador de la Reina
- Porch of the Palace
Palace of Carlos V
Tower Torre de los 7 suelos
The Alhambra, inspiring legends and stories
The Alhambra has always been surrounded by an aura of legend and magic; if you want to know it thoroughly we recommend reading Washington Irving and his book "Tales of the Alhambra' which can be read for free and which details perfectly Granada, the Alhambra and Andalucia of the nineteenth century.
In English: http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/i/irving/washington/i72a/ (available in various e-reader formats)
How to get there
The Alhambra has three access points:
Puerta de las Granadas (From Plaza Nueva)
Cuesta del Rey Chico
The third point of access to the Alhambra is from the district Realejo.
If you go by car you can get there through any of the routes except the 'Cuesta del Rey Chico' next to Paseo de los Tristes, as it is pedestrian.
Here we show you on the map the recommended access routes:
From the Realejo district by car
From Plaza Nueva by foot
From Plaza Nueva through Cuesta de Gomerez by car
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