In Seville the oldest extant garden is the Patio de los Naranjos (courtyard of the orange trees) that belonged to the old mosque on which the Cathedral now stands. The Almohade garden in Casa de Contratación is of the same period- 12th c. It is right in the middle of the city and has been recently restored- with the anachronism of some handsome American palm Trees.
The garden of the Alcazar has a good number of styles in a relatively small space. There were can admire Mudejar gardens such as the Patio de Doña Maria de Padilla, Patio del Yeso or the garden of La Galera; gardens of the renaissance such as the garden of La Danza, OF Las Damas and those surrounding the pavilion of Charles V that includes the myrtle and cypress maze, there is a landscape garden, such as the English garden and, from the beginning of this century, the garden of the Poets and the garden of Vega Inclán. Among the more remarkable species found here are several Floss- silk trees (Chorisia speciosa)- wirh a large specimen beside the Carles V pavilion, and the Ginko bilobas, and the Tabehuia in the English Garden.
Another example or an enclosed garden is that of the tower of Don Fabrique, built over old orchards.
The romantic garden is represented by the Garden of Las Delicias, with a good example of the Phoenix reclinata palm tree that has several branches, and many Citrus myrtifolia Moorish orange trees; also the Cristina gardens and that of the Casa Rosa (now the headquarters of the Regional Ministry for the Environment), where there is an Avenue of Cycas revolute.
At the beginning of the 20th c. a new style of garden is born of Hispano- Arabic inspiration, as for example the María Luisa park, designed mostly by Jean Nicolas Forestier, with large trees; the Murillo gardens along the outside of one of the walls of the Alcázar and the Catalina de Ribera avenue.
The Gardens of La Lonja and the old Tobacco factory (now university), were also during this century, as well as Paseo de la Palmera and the various private gardens in that avenue, many of which have interesting plants.
Among present day gardens, we may point to the park of Los Principes and those of Isla de la Cartuja that includes the old orchard of the monastery with a very ancient sapodilla, the modern layouts for Expo'92, such as the gardens of the Guadalquivir representing a summary of the history of gardening and the American garden built exclusively with plants from the American useful to man.
Important elements in the urban landscape of Seville are its squares and patios. Cristo de Burgos and El Museo squares have enormous specimens of Ficus dealbata, El Duque square has gigantic Grevillea robusta (fire trees), San Leandro square has a handsome Ficus retusa (Indies Laurel) and Santa Cruz square has a specimen of Feijoa sellowiana. The best patios are found in the Barrio de Santa Cruz (the old Jewry). One of the ones that can be visited is that of Los Venarables, with a pretty sunken courtyard and central fountain. Palace gardens are likewise interesting, such as Casa de Pilatos and Las Dueñas.
Outside Seville, in Castilleja de Guzmán there is an attractive garden in the Colegio Mayor Santa María del Buen Aire designed by Forestier.
Castilleja de la Cuesta has El Carambolo arboretum. In Dos Hermanas there are the Alquería del Pilar and Hacienda de la Torre de Doña María.
Among the many country house, the most outstanding is Hacienda Benazuza at Sanlucar la Mayor, now a hotel, with a most beautiful garden.
Onuba out at Fuenteheridos with good saples of Spanish fir and Seqoia. Riotinto has curious English- style houses and gardens.
At La Rábida the landscaped gardens round the monastery and in the cloisters are attractive and in Moguer there are gardens and patios of the old convent of St. Clair and the patios of the hose of the poet Juan Ramón Jimenez