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This municipality situated at about 66 kilometres from the capital city of Cadiz, is located near the Trafalgar Cape, where the famous ship battle under the same name took place in 1805. This municipality offers the visitor a wide variety of tourist attractions amongst which we can highlight its natural parks and a few very popular villages like Zahara de los Atunes and Caños de Meca, two places of a marked tourist importance.
This municipality is situated to the southwest of Spain and has its exit to the sea through its 25 km of coast with very touristic and natural beaches such as Zahara de los Atunes, Caños de Meca, La Mangueta beach and the beach of Los Cañillos, amongst others.
History of Barbate
They have found remains of prehistoric settlers in Barbate, although it wasn’t until the arrival of the Phoenicians when a stable population commenced, turning Barbate into a commercial nucleus in the Mediterranean, famous in particular for its fish exportations. The municipality was already known by the Greeks during the 5th century before our era for the exportations of Garum, a very demanded sauce made with fish and that seasoned many dishes in the olden days.
The arrival of the Roman empire turned Barbate and the old port of Baessipo (possibly originally Celtic), which was situated in the mouth of the river, into a prosperous place thanks to the increase of the fishing industry already flourishing along the entire Mediterranean thanks to the Phoenicians. The security that the Roman ships provided in the area, avoided in a large degree the pirate incursions so the economy in Barbate increased considerably.
The fall of the Roman empire and the entrance of the Germanic villages didn’t stop the production and the growth of Barbate, who continued trading along the Mediterranean until finally the Roman empire fell in its totality, after which the insecurity returned to the coastal areas and the constant pirate incursions, leaving Barbate empty during great part of the Arab conquest on al-Andalus, remaining as a borderland against the attacks of the Christian armies.
After the permanent expulsion of the Muslims, the pirate incursions accentuated which was why they built the Santiago Castle by the river, and a series of towers that were guarded by a soldier to watch the coasts.
It wasn’t until the 18th century when Barbate was founded again, after the arrival of a Maltese merchant who placed the first fishing hut in the village. Barbate continued to grow until in the early 20th century with the help of the fishing activity, there was a great economic growth that ended up turning Barbate into the second fishing port in Spain.
As from 1960 the tourist sector began to gain importance and has continued to grow until today, being Barbate and its surrounding villages, places of great touristic importance both nationally and internationally, partially thanks to its beautiful beaches of white sand and its climate.
Things to do in Barbate
Amongst the best things that we can do in Barbate is of course to try out its rich gastronomy, amongst which we can highlight typical dishes of Barbate and Cadiz like the ones listed below:
- Mojama: ’La Mojama’ is a very appreciated salting of the tuna, it can be compared to the serrano ham of the sea. Barbate is one of the main places of ‘Mojama’ production in Andalusia.
- Tuna in Onions: A delicious dish made with tuna and onions which is very recommended if you have never tried it before.
- Shrimp Omelette
If what you prefer is to have fun, in Barbate there are celebrations of great tradition:
Semana Santa (Holy Week)
Fair of the Tuna
The monuments that most stand out in Barbate and that we recommend a visit to, are:
Castle of Zahara de los Atunes
San Ambrosio chapel with a Paleo-Christian origin
Tombolo of Trafalgar is natural monument in Barbate, a place of extraordinary beauty that includes the Trafalgar Cape.
The biggest Tenement House in the world is situated in Barbate and dates back to the 18th century.
How to get to Barbate
To get to Barbate from Malaga airport you have to take the Mediterranean motorway towards Tarifa passing through the entrance to Gibraltar, and then head towards Zahara de los Atunes. On the map below you can observe the recommended route to get to Barbate from Malaga. This route will take about 2 hours and a half approx. depending on the traffic.
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