Explorers, Viceroys and Indianos


ITINERARY 1: Cordoba, Palma del Rio, Montilla.

ITINERARY 2: Ronda, Malaga, Macharaviaya.

ITINERARY 3: Jaen, Baeza, Ubeda.

The intensity of relations between the Indians and Andalucía can be seen in the great American influence which made itself felt throughout the whole of its extension. Both in the cities inland and on the Mediterranean coast one may appreciate such connotations of interest, which begin in 1492 and continue up to the 18th Century.

1. In Cordoba, worthy of note is the village of Trasierra, the birth place of Beatriz de Arana, married to the Admiral and mother of Hernando Colon, learned biographer of his father. In the Cordoban capital, various settings hint at the presence of Columbus, who lived there in hard times. He may have lodged at the Convent of La Merced (15th-18th C.) and visited the court of Isabel and Ferdinand in the Alcazar of the Christian King and Queen (14th-18th C.); he must also have frequented the Convent of San Francisco (13th-18th C.) later on this convent would take in religious men on their way to America and would benefit from the donations given by those who emigrated there, as did other religious foundations given by those who emigrated there, as did other religious foundations such as the Convent of San Agustin and the Mosque Cathedral, the Andalusian building most admired by Columbus. Here, in his own chapel, lies el Inca Garcilaso (16th-17th C.) an author who symbolizes the merging of the cultures of America and of Spain. He was born in Cuzco and moved from Peru to the Spanish mainland setting in Montilla, in the house called Casa del Inca Garcilaso an example of the mansions of the Cordoban nobility; now a museum; in the Church of Santiago (16th-18th C.) one can appreciate the unique examples of the craftsmanship of the native South Americans such as the Christ of Zacatecas. Also worth mentioning is Palma del Río, where evidence is to be found of Friar Junipero Sierra's stay in the Convent of Los Angeles, which would give its name to the Californian city.

2. In Malaga, the Sanctuary de La Victoria (15th-18th C.), is a reminder of the patrons of the Discovery; other buildings such as the Consulate represent the great role the city played in trade and commerce in the 18th century, reaching as far as the Americans. Ronda's most outstanding features are perhaps the Casa de Montezuma (17th C.) , residence of the descendents of the last Mexican Emperor and the Palacio de Salvatierra (17th C.), the decoration of which is obviously influenced by the native Indian style. Lastly, the town of Macharaviaya is an example of a destiny (viceroys and governors) made the town prosperous by establishing a factory of playing cards which were then exported to America. The church of San Jacinto reminiscent of the colonial style and housing the Galvez family pantheon, is symbolic of this past

3. The cities of Jaen produced may pioneers and high-ranking officials, as the wealth of the architecture of the nobility suggest. It is worth mentioning the Palacio de Villardompardo (16th-18th C.), now a museum, which is situated in the capital and which was built by P. de Torres, The Viceroy of Peru, on Arab Baths. In Ubeda, the Palacio de Mancera (18th C.) was the ancestral home of a line of viceroys of Peru and New Spain.

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