The diversity of types and styles of gardens in Cordova and province is the most remarkable in Andalusia. The oldest walled garden in Europe is to be found in the town, the orange grove beside the Mosque dating from the 8th c. Gardens from the time of the caliphs can be found in the Alcazar of Los Reyes Cristianos, with the characteristic terraced pools, as well as nearby in Medina- Azahara. The palace of te prince of Viana has a garden an 11 courtyards covering the Renaissance and Baroque periods, restored by the owners at the beginning of this century. The oldest part is the Patio de la Madama that has a small temple in the centre formed arched and clipped cypresses round the figure of a woman. The Renaissance garden has the clearest views. Quite near the town. One may visit the Alameda del Obispo (the bishop's avenue) that includes a Baroque maze restores during this century. There are some quite good examples of public gardens from the 19th century such as the garden of La Victoria and of La Agricultura, the latter with a large quantity of plane trees and pines.
During this century, landscaped Cruz Conde park was opened, as well as the gardens of Colón, of the Faculty of Veterinarians, Colegio Mayor Nuestra Sra de La Asunción and, more recently, the zoo and Botanical Gardens with three greenhouses, plants found in the peninsula, an area devoted to plants useful to man from several parts of the world, as a complement to the ethnogarphical museum housed in the interior and a curious garden for the blind containing aromatic plants with labels in Braille. In the old part of town and specially in the Jewry, there are some wonderfully attractive patios – the populars ones have a profusion of flowers in pots and the ones belonging to private houses in different styles, of which one may visit that of the Bullfighting Museum, te Archeological Museum and of Plaza San Andrés.
At Fernán Núnez the ducal palace has an attractive Baroque terraced garden that maintains the Hispano- Arabic taste for a garden- orchard. On the road to Posadas, there is garden of Moratalla, designed largely by Forestier. Entrance is gained through a large iron grille opening onto a wide central avenue in the style of French chateaux. There are some characteristic fountains and enormous plane trees over a large part of the garden; the garden tables and benches made of brick and glazed tiles are most curious.
To the south, in Cabra, there is the Alcántara Romero Park, a good example of a 19th c. public garden, and La Fuente del Río park around the source of the Cabra river. Not far in Priego, there is La Fuente del Rey, a Baroque monument with a garden laid out in the 19 th.
Jaén has two parks, La Victoria and Alameda de Calvo Sotelo.