CORDOBA AND SEVILLE
This route runs through the flat, fertile lands which are situated on the left bank of the Guadalquivir at mid- course, between Cordoba and Seville: a wide open, gently rolling landscape, where the Mediterranean trilogy –wheat, vine and olive- alternate and where latifundios (large landed estates) are predominant. The richness and location of these lands meant that they were an important place for settlements from the times of Antiquity –many of the villages are of Roman origin- and the traveller will find here large cities and towns where the mix of “cult” or name architecture with popular architecture has produced magnificent urban landscapes.
In Carmona, Osuna or Ecija, one may feast upon those features –combined in a thousand different ways- which make up the prototype of the “Andalusian House”: large lime- covered facades, projecting porches, studded wooden doors, windows with grills on sills, with upper dust ledges and hip knobs; inside, the hall, the patio, the attic.
Moving towards the lands of Cordoba –Moriles, Aguilar de la Frontera, colour appears, soft tones marking the cornices, window surrounds, socles or even evading the entire facade. Singular elements of this route are, in important towns and cities, -Seville, Cordoba, Ecija- corrales (communal neighbourhood rooms), a kind of communal building which is today almost a “residential species in extinction”.
Scattered throughout the countryside, the buildings linked to the large farming estates can be seen: olive grove haciendas, cortijos (country houses) and lagares (press houses). These buildings have also added, although they are often on the “borderline” of popular architecture, to the typical image of Andalusia and its architecture. On this route appear some of the colonization villages (La Carlota and La Luisiana) founded by the Bourbons in the 18th Century.