The Holy Kingdom of Jaen


ITINERARY: Ubeda, Baeza, Linares, Andujar, Lopera, Martos.

The early conquest of the upper Guadalquivir valley by the Christians- between 1124 and 1123, though Jaen itself did not fall till 1246- brought photo – Gothic architecture to some of its towns in the 13th c., a singular feature of this tour.

In Ubeda, there are proto-gothic remains in the Churches of San Pablo (Los Carpinteros Door) and San Pedro; Gothic and Mudejar are visible in the Church of Santa Maria; San Nicolas is a good example of late Gothic (14th-15th c.).

Under civilian architecture we have El Rosal or Sabiote Gate (14th c. Mudejar) and The Clock Tower (13th c. Gothic, remodelled in the 16th c.); the museum is housed in an old Mudejar house, of the popular kind.

At Baeza in Jaen, we may see proto- Gothic in the churches of Santa Cruz and El Salvador, the door of La Luna in the Cathedral alternates Gothic and Mudejar details; the façadae of the 15-16th c. palace of Jabalquinto is a fine example of the final of Isabelline Gothic. Also belonging to the late Gothic period are the church of Santa Maria at Linares, of San Bartolome at Andujar, the parish church at Lopera and the convent of Santa Marta at Martos. In Jaen, Santa Catalina Castle may be visited (keep and chapel), San Bartolome and convent of Santa Clara and the remains of the Palace of El Condestable Iranzo.

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