ITINERARY: Loja - Illora - Montefrío - Alcalá la Real - Moclín - Granada.
From the fortress at Alcalá la Real, of Moorish origin, conquered and reconquered many times, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella prepared the final assault upon Boabdil.
In 1481, the castle at Píñar was taken; en 1486 the fortress at Loja fell in spite of being defended by the King of Granada himself, as do subsequently the castles of Illora, Moclín and Montefrío, in a difficult campaign during which the "Great Capitain" distinguishes himself.
After losing this important line of defence, the siege of Granada begins. Not many years after, the citadel and magnificent Nazari palaces, and Boabdil is obliged to go into exile. Such things happen in wartime.
UNESCO declared the Alhambra "Patrimony of Mankind" for its significance in history and artistic value.
There are still in Granada two monasteries in use at the present time: San Jerónimo founded by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, built during the 16th c. in the Gothic style harbours the Renaissance work of Diego de Siloé; and the Carthusian monastery begun in 1516, is a good example of Andalusian baroque, as personified by Francisco Hurtado. Near Granada, we come upon the castle of Nívar and upon many defence towers dotted about this whole area.