A small but very important building can serve as a point of origin to understand the meaning of eclectic architecture in Andalusia: the Costurero de la Reina of 1893. From this small tower one can comprehend the quality and development that historicist architecture has undergone in Andalusia during this century. During the first half of the century, Andalusia’s society, politics, and geography contributed to a to slow acceptance of the major changes that were taking place in architecture. The regionalist movement that was institutionalized by the Iberoamerican Exposition comprised only a small part of the historicist architecture.
If the turn of the century modernism served to construct the commercial and domestic and domestic middle class architecture, then the revivalist architecture provided the medium for institutional expression. Good examples include the Provincial Palace of Jaen, the Veterinary school of Cordoba, and the Palace of Justice in Seville, which is currently the Municipal Archive. However, it is possible that the most imaginative examples are found in the leisure and services architectures. These include the theatre and cinema buildings like the Theatre de Falla in Cadiz, and the movie houses such as the Aliatar in Granada, Coliseo España in Seville, and Albéniz in Malaga.
The Elcano building and the Saenz house in Seville are model examples of the determined passage of Andalusian historical architecture to modern architecture.