Route of Modernism

The modernist architecture in Andalusia is open to all the international influences. It has direct vestiges of the French Art Nouveau, the architectural essentialism of V. Horta, as well as the contained beauty of the Viennese Secession, which are especially noticeable in the exquisite interior decorations of the small shops finished at the beginning of the century. The evident relation that the modernist architecture has with the Bourgeois determines a production which is almost exclusively domestic or commercial.

The greatest numbers of examples of Modernism are found at cities and towns with beaches. The new composition fit well with the emerging ideas about bathing and hygiene, to the point that Andalusia is identified with the balneario, or bathhouse, style. The tendency can be seen in Almería, Malaga, and Huelva, which have interesting buildings such as the Plaza of Puerta Purchena, the Andalusian Railroad Offices on Paseo Reding, and Dr. Sanz Frutos´clinic, respectively. Nonetheless, the province of Cadiz has a grater urban presence with buildings such as the Mayol home at 34, San Jose Street.

The inland part of the province, in the cities of Cordoba and Seville, are where the more venerable buildings were constructed. In Cordoba, one can be visit the house of Alvarez Cid which now houses the Association of Architects; In Sevilla, the homes built by Aníbal González on Alfonso XII Street, and Luis Montoro street, as well as the Municipal Laboratory by A. Arévalo Martínez, an example of great Catalonian influence. An interesting visit which contemplates the approximation of Andalusian modernism is the Huescar School of Arts and Occupations in the province of Granada.

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