In Almeria, Juan de Orcea is responsible for the low reliefs of the façade of the Cathedral and for the choir stalls there too. This man worked in the 16th century and was one of the master masons of the Alhambra. The worn wood of the stalls hos low reliefs of the Apostles, Prophets and Saints of classic design and purist elements. The museum in Almería has two examples of the Good Shpherd from the 5th and 6th centuries; they are paleochristian sculptures from Gador, of rather roughly shaped marble from late Roman times, testimony of the beginnings of Christianity in Andalusia.
The Los Letreros and Gabal caves (Vélez Blanco) are enormously interesting. The former was the first Andalusian cave to be studied, and it was initially thought that its representation were a system of archaic hieroglyphic writing, though this idea was later abandoned when other caves were seen to hav an abundance of parallel bitriangular sumbols, typical of diagrammatic Andalusian art. The Almería area is related both to the caves of Sierra Morena and Alto Guadalquivir, and to the shelters of the Penibética range.