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Osuna's history is evident through its monuments and architecture which accompany us until we leave the town.
A little further on, before taking the Granada road we see off to our right the archaeological remains (Ibero Roman) of Urso. The campiña which has been with us up until now begins to display larger formations of olive groves and among these the hills and rivers which mark the beginning of the Sierra del Becerrpo can be used as a refernce points. At the foot of these limestone hills we find the city which was offered by the Zirids to the Abbadid cordovan, Miguel de Cervantes (himself a Moorish convert to Christianity) when he walked across these lands on behalf on the Royal Treasury. Thus we come to the Fuente ( Fountain) de Santiago, which marks the beginning of the ascendt to the hills of Guichon and de La Cruz, and from here we can see Lora de Estepa close by. We travel across a wide valley, scored by the Yeguas and Salnoso rivers. We will have to ford the latter to reach the exact geographical centre of Andalusia, once a frontier and customs point: La Roda De Andalucía.
Having gently ascended through the foothills of the Sierra de las Yeguas, we leave the province of Sevilla and enter that of Málaga. With this, the landscape also changes: Next to the Cerro (hill) del Palo, holm acks, lentisc, tamarisk, reeds and assorted marsh plants surround the so-called Laguna Salada (Salt Lake) which provides food for Flamingos , cranes and another sea birds during their migrations. The Fuente de Piedra is to be found hidden behind a small rigde. Following the valley we encounter the village of Humilladero, located at the foot of the sierra of the same name. From here Prince Fernando organised the siege of Antequera. Here he also ordered that a cross be erected. In front of it, the people were to pay homage to the Holy King of Spain's word, in devout thanks after their vistiry against the infidel. Shortly after passing this cross, we come to the village of Molina, which used to be located up in the Sierra de la Camorra but which is now expanding at the foot of the mountain, and we cannot helop noticing the richness of its lands, cultivated with the vines that produce the excellent Málaga wine.
As if we have quenched our thirst with these very wines, we feel inebriated by the intense light which envelops the wonderful plain. It leads us through fertile vega, between luxuriant vegetable gardens, up to the larget and most easterly foothillsof the Baetic mountains. Here we find the Torcal mountains statuesque in their position, which once marked the entrance to the Kingdom of Granada. Between these karstic limestone formations and the Guadalorce river, pretentiously lies the city which now gazes at us placidly. Its fortress and its Torre del Homenage (Tower of Homage) foretell that tomorrow will be as God of the believers of desires. So it was that the Christian God wanted Antequera "the ancient one" to pass into the lands of the Prince Fernabdo. Its inhabitants of the time were exiled and established themselves in La Antequera , at the foot of the Sabikka mountain. This city is also the place where, in 1883, the bases for the first Andalusian cantons were set out, a prelude to whet would be, almost a century later, the statute of regional autonomy.