| Andalucia >Itinerary > Ancient Andalusia > Door to the East
Door to the East Route
ALMERÍA, GRANADA, MÁLAGA
The Andalusian Mediterranean coast were very popular with various ancient cultures, such as the Phoenicians who settled at the mouths of rivers communicated with inland regions controlled by native populations. Fishing, trade and fari climate particularly attracted Mediterranean people. At the beginning of this tour, the coast of Almeria reveals its strong links with the eastern Mediterranean, covering all phases - from the hypothesis of the introduction of the use of metal in Spain in the Bronze Age (3,000 BC), to the influence of Byzantium in the 6th century and its acitve role during the Moslem domination. Near Santa Fe de Mondújar, the prehistoric site of Los Millares with its complex walls, forts and group sepulchres express how important the control of metal resources was important the control of metal resources was right from the beginning. The remains of the city of Bayyana (Pechina) are from a very much later date. It was a trading republic during the 10th century that dealt in slaves, pottery and regional products. The town of Almería itself inherited this role centuries later; a large Alcazaba was built for protection of its port. Along the coast of Granada, near Almuñécar, the ancient Sexi, there are remains of Phoenician and Punic necropolises at Puente de Noy and vestiges of an aqueduct and a large Roman well (Siete Palacios Cave). The museum in Granada has the best finds from the Phoenicinan burials of the area, including articles of Egyptian alabaster from the 9th century BC, and Greek and Phoenician vessels from the 8th century BC.
Further along the coast in the province of Malaga there is a maginificent cave at Nerja. Not far at Torrox, beside the light house, there are remains of a Roman villa with baths, ovens and some mosaics. At Jardín, Vélez-Málaga costa, there are Phoenician tombs and at Trayamar - Algarrobo costa, there is a hypogean (underground) tomb built with large ashlars. Inland, there are remains of Phoenician settlements.
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