From Prehistory to Islam Route


ITINERARY: Medina Azahara - Cordova - Espejo - Doña Mencía - Zuheros - Luque - Priego - Almedinilla - Albolote - Granada - Monachil.

The provinces of Cordova and Granada have a large amount of archaeological remains, from the prehistoric times up to the medieval splendour of Islam. The site of Medinat al-Zahra, a city of the caiphate of Cordova of the 10th and 11th centuries, is the most important example of Islam in Spain. It is the expression of the power and refinement of the caliphate. In the city of Cordova itself, in Corduba, a Patrcian Colony that built a stone bridge over the Guadalquivir. Mosques, baths, walls, hydraulic works are a testimony of the Islamic past; there are many interesting items on view in the Archaeological Museum.

At Espejo, we find a large Roman fountain - El Aljibe. Near Luque there are prehistoric paintings at the Castillarejo shelter and near the road to Zuheros there are also cabe paintings at Los Murciélagos, with Neolithic and Bronze Age remains near by. Zuheros, as well as other villages in the area, such as Doña Mencía or Priego often have local museums with excellent small collections on view. At Almedinilla there is the large El Ruedo Roman villa, with fescoes and mosaics. Continuing to the province of Granada, near Albolote on the way to the Cubilla dam, there is a Roman villa at Cortijo del Canal and aslo a quarry of the same period. In the provincial capital itself, the Archaeological Museum has many fine exhibits and, of course, the Alhambra is a remarkable example of fortification from the Bronze Age - 2nd millenium BC at Cerro de la Encina, in the foothills of Sierra Nevada.

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