The province of Cadiz can be divided into different regions, each one of them with their tourist attractions and places that we can visit. The centre of the province is dedicated essentially to the agriculture and has several very important towns, amongst these towns Jerez stands out, as it is internationally well-known for its wines, horses and race tracks.
The regions in which the province of Cadiz is divided are: Bahia de Cadiz, Campiña de Jerez, Northwest Coast, Sierra de Cadiz, La Janda and Campo de Gibraltar.
The region of Bahia de Cadiz is made up of varios municipalities: Chiclana de la Frontera, Puerto Real, Puerto de Santa Maria and San Fernando. Its name comes from the bay of Cadiz in which several rivers end up.
In the past, the municipalities that are part of the Bahia de Cadiz belonged to the kingdom of Seville. This region hosts the Bahia de Cadiz natural park with a great variety richness of species of birds and fish.
The Campiña de Jerez is made up of the municipalities of San José del Valle and Jerez de la Frontera, famous for its wines and with a great population density.
This region, made up of Sanlucar de Barrameda, Trebujena, Chipiona and Rota, includes territories of the Marismas del Guadalquivir and a fishing Reserve in the mouth of the Guadalquivir.
Also known as Sierra de Grazalema, where part of the Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park is located. In the olden days it belonged to the Kingdom of Seville and the Kingdom of Granada.
In the Sierra de Cadiz we’ll find the route of the white villages, a touristic route that covers great part of the villages of the region and of the Serrania de Ronda where we’ll be amazed by a beautiful natural landscape and enjoy the great typical rural Andalusian food.
This region is made up municipalities that offer the visitor top quality natural beaches, part of the Natural Park of Los Alcornocales enters into the region of La Janda.
The municipalities that we’ll find in La Janda are: Benalup, Conil de la Frontera, Medina-Sidonia, Alcalá de los Gazules, Barbate, Paterna de Rivera and Vejer de la Frontera.
Campo de gibraltar is made up of 7 municipalities: Algeciras, Los Barrios, La Linea, San Roque, Tarifa, Castellar de la Frontera and Jimena de la Frontera. Municipalities such as Tarifa are ideal places for those lovers of the natural and nudist beaches where the hand of mankind has still not reached and from where one can spot the African coast while we cool off in the sea.
The province of Cadiz is relatively young, it arose on the 30th of November 1833 with localities of the Kingdom of Seville, of Huelva of the Kingdom of Granada. Although the province is young, the humans that have lived there or passed through there date back to the prehistoric period.
Around the 9th century before our era there is knowledge of the first settlements, these settlements were produced by the Phoenicians and Tartessians, who began creating colonies and factories using the natural resources that the province offered. The first population nucleuses formed the current towns of Puerto de Santa Maria, Medina-sidonia or Gadir (Cadiz).
During the Roman period the commercial activity concentrated on the exportation of wine, oil and wheat. The area was of great importance, connecting even with the Via Augusta, one of the main roads of the Roman Empire.
After the arrival of the Arabs to the south of the peninsula in the year 711, appeared Sidonia y al-Yazirat, which today are Medina-Sidonia y Algeciras, the occidental area of Andalusia was one of the first in falling under the weight of the Christian armies, when after the year 1264 it was completely conquered by the Christians who expelled great part of the Muslim population.
The marked cultural difference with the rest of Spain and the constant abuses that the south suffered who saw how they were getting poorer and poorer and ended up trying an attempt of independence that originated in Cadiz thanks to the so-called conspiracy of the duke of Medina Sidonia, a fact that occurred simultaneously to the independence of Portugal and the revolt of the Catalans, although it ended up being discovered because of the traitors who betrayed him for money.
In Cadiz we’ll find several different reserves and natural parks that consists of places like the Bahia de Cadiz Natural Park, Marismas de Barbate, Doñana, Los Alcornocales and Sierra de Grazalema amongst others.
If what you’re looking for are natural trekking routes, in Cadiz you’ll find a wide variety of places to visit and enjoy throughout the whole year.
Cadiz has a long history that has left monuments, churches, buildings and archaeological remains that are well worth visiting. Its culture extends to the numerous typical festivities throughout the whole year, from the famous Cadiz carnivals to the fair of Jerez or the famous horse races along the beach of Sanlucar.
It’s very common that many tourists that visit Malaga in summer decide to spend a day on the beach in Tarifa, a place of great natural beauty where to enjoy one of the best beaches in Spain.
The province of Cadiz is well communicated by road from Seville and Malaga along the Mediterranean motorway. It’s situated near the airport of Jerez, the only airport in this province.
The railway line joins Cadiz with Seville and has stops in several municipalities on a journey that lasts approximately 2 hours: Cadiz, San Fernando, Puerto Real, Puerto de Santa Maria, Jerez de la Frontera, Cabezas de San Juan, Utrera, Dos Hermanas and Sevilla Santa Justa.
The train line that goes from Algeciras to Granada stands out for its great scenic beauty and the train line from Cadiz to Jaen has stops in Cordoba, Andujar and Jaen.
Cadiz has 3 great ports: Puerto de Algeciras, Puerto de Bahia de Cadiz and Puerto de Tarifa. In the province there are also other seaports and harbours.
The port of Algeciras is the biggest port in Spain and one of the main connections with Africa, the Bahia de Cadiz port is an important place where cruise ships and transatlantic ships stop over, the port of Tarifa has been over the years an important fishing port although today it’s characterised by its leisure boats and its ferry connections with Ceuta and Tangier.