The region of the Field of Gibraltar is situated in southern Spain and is made up of 7 municipalities: Algeciras, Los Barrios, La Linea, San Roque and Tarifa. Many of these municipalities were formed after the loss of Gibraltar in the hands of the Anglo-Dutch armies, being finally handed over in its totality to Great Britain and the old inhabitants ended up settling in what was later on Algeciras, San Roque and Los Barrios.
The Field of Gibraltar borders with other Andalusian regions: La Janda, la Serrania de Ronda and the Occidental Costa del Sol.
The history of this region dates back to the prehistoric period with archaeological sites that show us a great activity from the Palaeolithic till the Bronze Age, with funerary complexes like the necropolis of ‘Los Algarbes’, dated back to the year 3000 before our era in Tarifa.
The region suffers an important cultural and economic growth since the settlement of the Turdethans and the posterior Roman settlements who traded all along the Mediterranean with the raw materials available. The fall of the Roman empire and the entrance of the Paleo-Christian barbaric villages brought the sinking of the entire region into a deep hole from which they wouldn’t climb back out of until the arrival of the Arabs and its foundation of al-Andalus.
The arrival of the Christian armies brought the construction of fortresses and watchtowers until the region was entirely conquered and the Arabs expelled.
The municipalities that arose due to the taking of the rock by Great Britain tried to besiege Gibraltar to re-conquer the city, conserving from this period a great amount of fortifications that are in good conditions and can be visited. It was during the 18th century when the cities of San Roque, Los Barrios, Algeciras and La Linea, formed by the old inhabitants of Gibraltar, became independent.
The Field of Gibraltar region is communicated through the A-7 motorway with the entire Costa del Sol and Costa de la Luz until the city of Cadiz. If you come down from Ronda, the A-405 road allows you to reach the region’s interior.
If you decide to take the train, the line that goes from Algeciras to Bobadilla links with Los Barrios and the San Roque station - La Linea amongst others. The Bobadilla station links the Field of Gibraltar region with Seville and Malaga by train.