The city of Cadiz stands out for its long and varied history, it’s situated in the region of the Bahia de Cadiz and is one of the oldest Phoenician cities in Europe with archaeological remains of over 3000 years old. Cadiz is situated on an island that links with the peninsula via a shallow canal called 'Caño de Sancti Petri'.
The city of Cadiz was known as Gadir, name with which it was founded by the Phoenician civilization and that means Fortress or walled precinct. It was the most important city in the whole peninsula for this civilization who exploited the sea and commercialised in the Mediterranean. According to the Greek mythology, this name comes from Gadiro, the first Atlantis king, who governed the region of Gadeira, a small archipelago of islands present in the Bahia de Cadiz.
From Cadiz was where the well-known Hannibal left to conquer Italy. This city had great prosperity during the Roman period, they built amphitheatres and aqueducts to satisfy the growing needs of a growing population.
After the Visigoth conquest the city of Cadiz entered a dark period in which its commercial networks disappeared and went from being a great open city to a small walled city during the entrance of the middle ages. It was later on conquered by the Byzantine empire and then by the Muslim troops in the year 711, who settled there until in the year 1264 Cadiz was conquered by the Christians adding the city to the Castilla kingdom.
From the ports of Cadiz departed discoverers such as Christopher Columbus and conquistators from the colonial period.
After the entrance in decadence of the city of Cadiz, partially caused by the loss of trade with the new conquered territories and the monarchy, and after putting up with an attempt of independence of the whole of Andalusia, Cadiz never recovered its splendour, its economic development over the last few years was stopped by fishing restrictions, being the fishing activity one of the economic sources in Cadiz ever since the ancient times. Currently Cadiz has become a very attractive destination for the tourism.
The tourist sector has grown favoured by the great climate and the beaches of Cadiz, as well as for its gastronomy and its cultural legacy that includes both popular festivities and historical patrimony.
The museum of Cadiz offers three differentiated sections in its theme, one dedicated to the archaeology, another to the fine arts and the last to the culture of the area. The museum is situated in the Plaza de la Mina and is one of the most visited in the whole of Andalusia.
Puerta de Tierra
A monument built during the 18th century that reminds of the part of the old wall through which one would enter the city of Cadiz.
Telegraphic tower of Cadiz
Currently it’s the Reina Sofia Cultural Centre and was the first telegraph in Andalusia. Its construction dates back to 1805 and was dismantled in 1820.
Cathedral of Cadiz
Its construction began in 1722 and ended in 1838.
Cadiz was during the roman period a grandiose city with a population census of over 80.000 people and one of the most prosperous cities of the empire. Proof of this splendour is the roman theatre, the second biggest in the world after the roman theatre, as well as other constructions like the salting factory situated in the centre of Cadiz.
The beaches in Cadiz are one of its main tourist attractions, of fine and golden sand we enlist the following:
Beach of La Caleta
Beach of Santa Maria del Mar
Beach of la Victoria
Beach of Cortadura
Beach of Puntales
Beach of Torregorda
Carnival of Cadiz
Another of the great attractions in Cadiz are its local festivities, particularly the Carnival, the most important in Spain and well-known all over the world. The origins of the Carnival are roman, that were in fact inherited from the Egyptians and possibly this celebration comes from the Sumerians, although the Carnival of Cadiz is unique and holds within a unique meaning and differentiated with the rest of the carnivals all over the world.
Gastronomy in Cadiz
The sea products are, as it couldn’t be any other way, the most popular dishes all year round in Cadiz, the presence of fried and boild seafood are typical in Cadiz. Amongst the seafood that we recommend to try are the crayfish, the clams, the prawns and the king prawns.
Amongst the typical stews in the province we’ll find the ‘atún encebollado’ (tuna in onions), the ‘cazón’ (dogfish) and the fish meatballs. Not all the typical dishes are made with fish, we’ll be able to find ‘gazpacho’ (a cold vegetable soup) and other typical stews present in the whole of Andalusia.
Cadiz is accessed by road via Puerto Real or San Fernando. In case of travelling by road from Malaga, we must head towards Gibraltar, from where we can cross the Natural Park of Los Alcornocales and enter Cadiz through Puerto Real crossing through Medina-Sidonia or continue bordering the coast passing by Tarifa, Zahara de los Atunes, Barbate, Vejer de la Frontera, Chiclana and arriving at Cádiz after passing through San Fernando.
The train station of Cadiz is the main station in the city with suburban trains, medium distance trains to Cordoba, Jaen and Seville with stops in Jerez and Puerto de Santa Maria and long distance trains up to Madrid.
The nearest airport to the city in Cadiz is Jerez airport only 35 km away. Malaga airport is situated 255 km away.
You can get to Cadiz by bus with a stop in the Cadiz bus station, by boat via the Cadiz port, by train or by car. If you find yourself on holiday in Malaga and you fancy trying the seafood in Cadiz or enjoying its beautiful beaches, do not hesitate in planning your visit. If you need a vehicle you can check out our prices to rent a car at Malaga airport upon your arrival, this way you’ll be able to discover more of southern Spain.