The National Park of Doñana has several distinct ecosystems, including:
This ecosystem, the most stable on Doñana, is formed by snady areas which are bound together by the roots of Mediterranean thicket, heather, eucalyptus and stone pines. This vegetation provides a safe heaven for big mammals such as lynxes and deer, birds of prey such as Spanish Imperial Eagles, and 80 different species of invertebrates.
When the early autumn rains flood it, this plain, which occupies half of the National Park, receives thousands of birds from northern and central Europe. In the spring the green space is used as a breeding and nesting site until the arrival of the summer during which the earth becomes dry and cracked.
Riparian forest form some beautiful landscapes in Doñana. They are a kind of subtropical jungle which stretch along the banks of streams such as that of Las Rocinas. Full of life, their rich vegetation attracts big birds of prey, riverside birds and mammals such as lynxes and otters which have disappeared from other parts of the Park.
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